The “First Resurrection” in Revelation 20

Of primary concern in the exegesis of Revelation 20, and in the millennial debate that surrounds it, is interpretation of the “first resurrection” portrayed in verses 4-6. While premillennialists understand this to refer to the first stage of the general bodily resurrection, most amillennialists see this as representing believers who have died and have enteredContinue reading “The “First Resurrection” in Revelation 20″

New Creation Ministry: Eschatological Implications for Ministry in 2 Corinthians 5:11-21

It is said that in 2 Corinthians we get a unique glimpse into Paul’s heart. He makes himself more personally accessible to his readers in this letter than in any other. He “wears his heart on his sleeve and speaks without constraint, hiding neither his affection, nor his anger, nor his agony.” On the otherContinue reading “New Creation Ministry: Eschatological Implications for Ministry in 2 Corinthians 5:11-21”

Paul’s Calvinistic Sacramentology in 1 Corinthians 10

While Paul discusses baptism in several of his letters (at least Romans, 1 Corinthians, Ephesians, and Galatians), he addresses the subject of communion less frequently. His material containing the Last Supper tradition has drawn much attention (1 Cor. 11:17-34), although even there he introduces the subject of the Eucharist in order to correct abuses inContinue reading “Paul’s Calvinistic Sacramentology in 1 Corinthians 10”

Unapologetic: Theological Reflections on Romans 1-2

The first two chapters of Paul’s letter to the Romans are theologically loaded, not only because they represent an essential contribution to Paul’s argument as he begins to teach the gospel message, but also because they have generated much dogmatic reflection and debate on subjects such as General and Special Revelation, the project of NaturalContinue reading “Unapologetic: Theological Reflections on Romans 1-2”

The Necessary Fruit of Justifying Faith: Exegesis of James 2:14-26

Contrasted with Pauline doctrine and cited in the arguments of Roman Catholics, Mormons, and other groups against justification by faith alone, James 2:14-26 has faced difficulty being received on its own merits. Nevertheless, it contains essential Christian theology on the nature and expression of faith. It challenges those who understand belief to be a mereContinue reading “The Necessary Fruit of Justifying Faith: Exegesis of James 2:14-26”

Introduction to James

The first of the so-called “Catholic Epistles” in the traditional ordering of the canon, the letter of James has not fared well in the history of interpretation. Nevertheless, this early Christian document provides unique insight into the character of the church during its infancy, and its teaching contains significant representations not only of Christian ethicsContinue reading “Introduction to James”

Sweet Dropper: Richard Sibbes and Conforming Puritanism

Referred to as the “Sweet Dropper” because of his consistently encouraging sermons, Richard Sibbes serves as an example of Puritan fervor balanced by centrist conformity in early Seventeenth Century England. Sibbes’s Calvinistic and Covenantal theological convictions, combined with his emphasis in “experimental” theology, distinguish him as a pastor in what has come to be knownContinue reading “Sweet Dropper: Richard Sibbes and Conforming Puritanism”

“By Faith Unto Faith”: An Examination of the Prepositional Series in Rom. 1:17 in Light of The Pauline Argument

“For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, ‘The righteous shall live by faith.’” (Romans 1:16-17Continue reading ““By Faith Unto Faith”: An Examination of the Prepositional Series in Rom. 1:17 in Light of The Pauline Argument”

Golden Mouth: The Life & Contribution of John Chrysostom

Called “Chysostom” (Golden Mouth) because of his eloquence in preaching, the Eastern church father John led a life that was compelling and instructive, not to mention incredibly interesting, for those seeking to serve in church ministry. The categories that J.N.D. Kelly presents in his biography of John (Ascetic, Preacher, Bishop) provide a useful way forContinue reading “Golden Mouth: The Life & Contribution of John Chrysostom”

“Given for You”: A Lucan Theology of Substitution & Atonement

Jesus’ statement in Luke 22:19, “This is my body, which is given for you,” represents the most explicit teaching in the Gospel of Luke of the substitutionary character of the death of Christ. However, some scholars contend that this portion of the pericope is unoriginal to Luke’s Last Supper tradition, being omitted by Codex BezaeContinue reading ““Given for You”: A Lucan Theology of Substitution & Atonement”